Mary Alice Holman
| || Date: 18 July 1893|
Place: Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
Arrival in WA
|Daughter of John Holman, journalist, union secretary and politician, and Katherine Mary Row|
Sister of Edward Holman, printer and politician
Marriage and Family
|Married 9 May 1914, District Registry Office, Perth, WA to Joseph Gardiner, son of Joseph Frances and Annie Annis|
Divorced 9 May 1919 (18 June 1920)
|Date: 20 March 1939|
Place: St John of God Hospital, Bunbury, Western Australia
Cemetery: Karrakatta Cemetery, Western Australia
Cause of Death: Car accident on 17 March 1939
|Educated Dominican Convent, Cue, Dongara and Sacred Heart Convent, Perth|
|1911 typist at Trades Hall|
In Pierrot show
1914 worked at Westralian Worker
1917 worked as a cinema pianist in Kalgoorlie
From 1918 assisted her father at timber workers’ union in clerical and bookkeeping and arbitration
Briefly acting secretary union 1925
Local Government Service
President Perth Labor Women
President and secretary Labor Women’s Central Executive 1927–1939
From 1929 president Labor Women’s Organisation, Federal President Labor Women’s interstate Executive State delegate to ALP Congress, Canberra 1930
|3 April 1925|
|Search for speeches by Mary Holman|
- MLA Forrest 3 April 1925 (by-election)–20 March 1939
- Secretary Parliamentary Labor Party 1933–1939
- Member Royal Commission to inquire into sanitation, slum clearance, health and housing regulations
- First Labor woman MP in Australia and the Commonwealth
- Second woman MP in Australia
- Married to Joseph Gardiner, politician who also served in the Parliament of Western Australia
Private Member's Bills
|Moved to Nannine, Murchison goldfields, WA with family 1896, to metropolitan area 1905|
Lived nine months in Victoria
Justice of the Peace 1925
Member Board of Management, Perth Hospital from 1925
Substitute delegate to League of Nations Assembly in Geneva 1930
Gifted musician, licentiates in singing and pianoforte
Had own band ‘The Entertainers’ and in 1935 founded and conducted Labor Choral Union
|D Black and G Bolton, eds, Biographical Register of Members of the Parliament of Western Australia: volume one 1870-1930, Parliamentary History Project, Perth, WA, 2001, p. 100.|
|Margaret Brown, 'Holman, Mary Alice (May) (1893–1939)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/holman-mary-alice-may-6711/text11585, published first in hardcopy 1983, accessed online 22 December 2015|
Carter, p. 152–157.
R Erickson, ed, Dictionary of Western Australians, 1829-1914. Volume 5. The golden years, 1889-1914, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA, 1986.
Making a Difference, p. 65–69.
West Australian, 2 April 1925, 12 March 1939.
Westralian Worker, 31 March 1939.
Kate White, May Holman: Australian Labor’s Pioneer Woman Parliamentarian, Labour History, 41 (November 1981), p. 110-117.
Wilson, J. Graham. Western Australia's centenary 1829-1929 : first century's progress with antecedent records 1527-1828, p. 328.