Terms of Reference
Functions and powers of the committee
History and purpose of the committee
The parliamentary function of scrutinising delegated legislation (also known as subsidiary legislation) has been delegated by Parliament to the Joint Standing Committee on Delegated Legislation. The Committee is an eight-member committee, comprising equal membership from each House of Parliament: four from the Legislative Assembly and four from the Legislative Council. The Committee’s secretariat is based in the Legislative Council Committee Office. This is appropriate as the Legislative Council is historically seen to be the House of review.
The first Committee (1987-2001) was established on 19 November 1987 following the Report of the Legislative Council Select Committee on a Committee System in the Legislative Council. The Committee operated from 1987 to 10 January 2001 on the basis of Joint Rules contained in the Standing Orders of the Legislative Assembly.
One impediment on the first Committee was that it was restricted by its Joint Rules to scrutinising ‘regulations’ within the definition of section 42(8) of the Interpretation Act 1984 meaning regulations, rules, by-laws and local laws. This precluded the Committee from scrutinising other forms of delegated legislation such as orders, declarations or codes unless a particular instrument was deemed by the parent Act to be ‘regulations’ for the purposes of section 42(8) of the Interpretation Act 1984 and, therefore, subject to Part VI (sections 40-7) of that Act. Part VI includes the requirement to table all ‘regulations’ in both Houses of Parliament and the power of either House to disallow ‘regulations’ (section 42).
The Committee’s Terms of Reference were changed on 28 June 2001, when a new, second Committee (2001-13) was established by the 36th Parliament. At that point, the Committee was made subject to the Legislative Council Standing Orders, as are other standing committees of that House. The Legislative Council has procedures in place for dealing with motions for disallowance, including those motions which are instigated by the Committee. The Committee can only recommend that the Parliament disallow a ‘regulation’; it does not have the power to disallow a ‘regulation’ in its own right.
Since the 36th Parliament, the Committee’s Terms of Reference have enabled it to consider and report to Parliament on any instrument that is ‘subsidiary legislation’, as defined by section 5 of the Interpretation Act 1984. This includes many instruments of delegated legislation that were previously unable to be scrutinised by the first Committee; for example, town planning schemes, orders and codes. However, the Committee can still only recommend to the Parliament that it disallow an instrument if that instrument is subject to disallowance under section 42 of the Interpretation Act 1984 or some other disallowance process prescribed by another Act.
During the 38th Parliament, the Legislative Council Standing Orders were reviewed. This review led to the simplification of the language used in the Committee’s Terms of Reference but there was no effective change in substance of the criteria against which the Committee scrutinises instruments of delegated legislation (see Term of Reference 10.6). The Committee’s Terms of Reference were also updated by the insertion of a power to inquire into and report on three categories of self-referred topics (see Term of Reference 10.7). These changes took effect on 6 March 2012 and, since then, the Committee’s Terms of Reference have remained the same.
As the Committee is a joint committee of both Houses, the second Committee ceased to exist upon the dissolution of the Legislative Assembly on 30 January 2013. On 23 May 2013, the 39th Parliament established the third Committee (2013-17). Prior to this, the custom and practice of the Parliament was for the Committee to survive the dissolution of the Legislative Assembly and be re-established only when its Terms of Reference were amended substantially.
The third Committee ceased to exist upon the prorogation of the Parliament and the dissolution of the Legislative Assembly on 30 January 2017. On 15 June 2017, the 40th Parliament established the fourth and current Committee (2017-current).
WALGA Conference Documents
Summary of WALGA Conference Presentation
WALGA Conference Powerpoint
Purpose of undertakings
Commonly used terms